When we consider mushrooms and also the southerly Mexico state of Oaxaca, the very first point which commonly enters your mind is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and also hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. Yet slowly that’s all changing as an outcome of the innovative work of Josefina Jiménez and also Johann Mathieu in mycology, with their firm, Mico-lógica.
Based in the town of Benito Juárez, located in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (more generally referred to as the Sierra Norte, the state’s main ecotourism region), Mico-lógica’s goal is threefold: to educate both Mexicans and site visitors to the nation in the affordable cultivation of a variety of mushroom varieties; to enlighten concerning the medical, dietary and also ecological (lasting) worth of mushrooms; and also to carry out ongoing study concerning maximum climatic areas and also the diversity of substrata for mushroom society.
The French-born Mathieu relocated to Mexico, and also in fact to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Yes, coming all the way to Mexico from France to seek my rate of interest in mushrooms appears like a lengthy means to travel,” Mathieu described in a current interview in Oaxaca. “Yet there actually wasn’t much of a chance to carry out studies and grow an organization in Western Europe,” he proceeds, “since reverence for mushrooms had been almost totally removed by The Church throughout centuries; as well as I found out that Mexico still preserves a respect and also gratitude for the medical and also dietary value of hongos. Mexico is much from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is greater than a 5 hour drive from the closest urban center. As necessary, Mathieu ultimately recognized that staying in Huautla, while holding a historical attraction and remaining in a geographic region for dealing with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to grow a service as well as grow prevalent passion in learning about fungis. Mathieu became cognizant of the burgeoning track record of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and indeed the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom celebration), held each year in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez at the summer weekend mushroom occasion. Jiménez had relocated to Oaxaca from home town Mexico City in 2002. Both shared similar passions; Jiménez had studied agronomy, and also for near a years had actually been collaborating with sustainable farming projects in country farming neighborhoods in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the hills of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and also Jiménez ended up being company, and after that life companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on 3 mushroom varieties in their hands-on workshops; oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and also two-day centers for the latter two varieties of fungi. “With reishi, as well as to a lower degree shitake, we’re also instructing a reasonable little bit regarding the medicinal uses mushrooms, so more time is called for,” claims Mathieu, “and also with oyster mushrooms it’s predominantly [however not specifically] a course on farming.”
While training workshops are now only given in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez plan to expand operations to consist of both the central valleys and seaside regions of Oaxaca. The things is to have a network of manufacturers expanding different mushrooms which are optimally matched for farming based on the certain microclimate. There have to do with 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and also thus as a varieties, the versatility of the oyster mushroom to various climatic regions is remarkable. “The oyster can be grown in a plethora of different substrata, and that’s what we’re experimenting with right now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when expanded on products which would otherwise be waste, such as throw out from cultivating beans, sugar walking stick, agave (including the coarse waste produced in mezcal purification), peas, the common river reed referred to as carriso, sawdust, and the list goes on. Agricultural waste which might or else be delegated rot or be burned, each with damaging ecological implications, can develop substrata for mushroom farming. It needs to be noted, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a very sustainable, green sector. Over the past several years Mexico has actually in truth been at the fore in many areas of sustainable market.
” They can hold up to thirty thousand times their mass, having effects for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been utilized to tidy up oil spills through absorption and therefore are an essential automobile for environment remediation. Research study has been done with mushrooms in the battle versus woodworker ant destruction; it’s been suggested that making use of fungis has the possible to totally spruce up the chemical sector in an environmentally friendly means. There are essentially thousands of various other environment-friendly applications for mushroom use, and in each situation the mushroom continues to be an edible byproduct. Have a look at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, 6 Ways Mushrooms Can Conserve The Globe.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can commonly be discovered selling their products on weekends in the organic markets in Oaxaca. They’re both more than satisfied to discuss the nutritional worth of their items which vary from normally their fresh mushrooms, yet also as maintains, marinated nepalese hash with either chipotle and also nopal or jalapeño and also cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can not be located in fruits or vegetables, and appropriately a diet regimen which includes fungi is extremely important for vegetarians that can not obtain B12, usually had in meats. Mushrooms can conveniently be a replacement for meats, with the benefit that they are not packed with anti-biotics and hormones typically located in industrially processed meat products.